Credit: Brian Stauffer

* denotes undergraduate author


Hellmann, J.K., S.A. Bukhari, J. Deno, and A.M. Bell, 2020. Sex-specific plasticity across generations I: Maternal and paternal effects on sons and daughters. Journal of Animal Ecology.

Hellmann, J.K., E.R. Carlson, and A.M. Bell. 2020. Sex-specific plasticity across generations II: Grandpaternal effects are lineage specific and sex specific. Journal of Animal Ecology. 

Stamps, J.A. and Bell, A.M. 2020. The information provided by the absence of cues: insights from Bayesian models of within and transgenerational plasticity. Oecologia.

McGhee, K., Paitz, R., Foster, S.A., Baker, J., Bell, A.M. 2020. Effects of predation risk on egg steroid profile across multiple populations of sticklebacks. Scientific Reports

Bensky, M. and Bell, A.M. 2020. Predictors of individual variation in reversal learning performance in three-spined stickleback. Animal Cognition.

Monestier, C. and Bell, A.M. 2020. Personality traits change after an opportunity to mate. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B.

Bell, A.M. Bensky, M. Animal Personality. In: Cambridge Handbook of Personality, P. Orr (editor)

Donelan, S.C., Hellmann, J.K., Bell, A.M., Orrock, J.L., Sheriff, M.J., Sih, A. 2019. Transgenerational plasticity in human-altered environments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution

Bukhari, S. A., M. C. Saul, N. James, M. Bensky, L. R. Stein, and A. M. Bell. 2019. Neurogenomic insights into paternal care and its connection to territorial aggression. Nature Communications Selected by F1000

Bell, A.M. and Hellmann, J. 2019. An integrative framework for understanding the mechanisms and multigenerational consequences of transgenerational plasticity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics

Bell, A.M. 2019. Individual differences and the challenge hypothesis. Hormones and Behavior; special issue to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Challenge Hypothesis (invited)

Pearish, S., Bensky, M. Bell, A.M. 2019. Social environment determines the effect of boldness and activity on survival. Ethology

Stein, L.R. and Bell, A.M. 2019. The role of variation and plasticity in parental care during the adaptive radiation of threespine sticklebacks. Evolution 73: 1037-1044

Dellinger, M., Zhang, W. Bell, A.M., Hellmann, J. 2018 Do male sticklebacks use visual and/or olfactory cues to assess a potential mate’s history with predation risk? Animal Behaviour 145: 151-159

Saltz, J., Bell. A.M., Flint, J. Gomulkiewicz, R., Hughes, K.A., Keagy, J. 2018 Why does the magnitude of genotype‐by‐environment interaction vary? Ecology and Evolution 2018:1-12 (part of a series organized by A.M. Bell)

Saul, M.C. Blatti, C., Yang, W., Bukhari, S.A., Shpigler, H., Troy, J.M., Seward, C., Sloofman, L., Chandrasekaran, S., Bell, A.M., Stubbs, L., Robinson, G.E., Zhao, S.D., Sinha, S. 2018. Novel cross-species systems biology analyses reveal a deeply conserved transcriptional response to social challenge. Genes, Brain and Behavior

Stein, L.R., Bukhari, S.A., Bell, A.M. 2018. Personal and transgenerational cues are nonadditive at the phenotypic and molecular level. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2: 1306-0311

Bengston, S., Dahan, R., Donaldson, Z., Phelps, S.P, van Oers, K., Sih, A., Bell, A.M. 2018. Genomic tools for behavioral ecologists. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2:944-955 (part of a series organized by A.M. Bell)

Bell, A.M., Keagy, J., Trapp, R*. 2018. Parenting behaviour is highly heritable in male sticklebacks. Royal Society Open Science 5: 171029.

Bensky, M., Bell, A.M. 2018. Intraspecific variation in cue-specific learning in sticklebacks. Animal Behaviour 137:161-168

Kent, M. and Bell, A.M. 2018. Changes in behavior and brain immediate early gene expression in male threespined sticklebacks as they become fathers. Hormones and Behavior 97:102-111

Bell, A.M., Saltz, J. 2017. Profitable interplay between the study of human and nonhuman personality (Commentary on Baumert et al.). European Journal of Personality 31: 529-595

Bell, A.M., Stein, L.R. 2017. Transgenerational and developmental plasticity at the molecular level: Lessons from Daphnia. Molecular Ecology 26: 4859-4861.

Sheriff, M., Bell, A.M., Boonstra, R., Dantzer, B. Lavergne, S., McGhee, K., MacLead, K., Winandy, L., Zimmer, C., Love, O. 2017. Integrating ecological and evolutionary context into the study of maternal stress. Integrative and Comparative Biology (invited) 2017: 1-13

Bukhari, S.A., Saul, M.C., Seward, C.H., Zhang, H., Bensky, M., James, N., Zhao, S.D., Chandrasekaran, S., Stubbs, L., Bell, A.M. 2017. Temporal dynamics of neurogenomic plasticity in response to social interactions. PLoS Genetics 13: e1006840

Bell, A.M. 2017. Commentary on Beckman and Jordan: There is no special sauce. Behavioral Ecology 28: 626-627.

Trapp, R*. and Bell, A.M.  2017. The effect of familiarity with demonstrators on social learning in sticklebacks. Ethology 123: 213-220.

Bensky, M., Paitz, R., Bell, A.M. 2017. Testing the predictions of coping styles theory in threespined sticklebacks. Behavioral Processes 136: 1-10.

Sanogo, Y.O. and Bell, A.M. 2016. Molecular mechanisms and the conflict between courtship and aggression in sticklebacks. Molecular Ecology 25: 4368-4376

Pearish, S.P., Hostert, L.*, Bell, A.M. 2016. A standardized method for quantifying consistent individual differences in schooling behavior. Journal of Fish Biology 90: 443-450

Bell, A.M., Bukhari, S.A., Sanogo, Y.O. 2016. Natural variation in brain gene expression profiles of aggressive and nonaggressive individuals sticklebacks. Behaviour (invited) 153:1723-1743

James, N., Liu, X., Bell, A.M. 2016. A fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) protocol for stickleback tissue. Evolutionary Ecology Research 17: 603-617

Paitz, R., Bukhari, S.A., Bell, A.M. 2016. Stickleback embryos use ABC transporters as a buffer against exposure to maternally derived cortisol. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 283(1826):20152838

Stein, L.R. and Bell, A.M. 2016. Does becoming a parent influence personality traits? Insights from threespine stickleback. Animal Behaviour 112:247-254.

Bell, A.M., McGhee, K.E., Stein, L.R. 2016. Parental stressors and offspring outcomes in threespined sticklebacks. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 7:28-32.

Bell, A.M., Dochtermann, N. 2015. Integrating molecular mechanisms into quantitative genetics in order to understand consistent individual differences in behavior. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 6: 111-114.

McGhee, K.E., Leasure, S., Feng, S.*, Bell, A.M. 2015. Males adjust mating effort and parental care to a potential mate’s experience with predators. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 282: 1840-1845.

Feng, S.*, McGhee, K.M., Bell, A.M. 2015. Maternal predator-exposure and offspring ability to generalize a learned colour-reward association in sticklebacks. Animal Behaviour 107:61-69. Featured in the ‘In Focus’ section of Animal Behaviour

Paitz, R.T., Mommer, B.C., Suhr, E., Bell, A.M. 2015. Changes in the concentrations of four maternal steroids during embryonic development in the threespined stickleback. Journal of Experimental Zoology, A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 323: 422-429

Laskowski, K.L., Pearish, S., Bensky, M. and Bell, A.M. 2015. Predictors of individual variation in movement in a natural population of threespine stickleback. Advances in Ecological Research 52: 65-90.

C.C. Rittschof, S.A. Bukhari, L.G. Sloofman, J.M. Troy, D. Caetano-Anollés, A. Cash-Ahmed, M/ Kent, X. Lu, Y. O. Sanogo, P. A. Weisner, H. Zhang, A. M. Bell, J. Ma, S. Sinha, G. E. Robinson, and L. Stubbs. 2014. Neuromolecular responses to social challenge: mechanisms across mouse, stickleback fish, and honey bee, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 111: 17929 -17934.

Stein, L.R., and Bell, A.M. 2014. Consistent individual differences in paternal behavior: a field study of three-spined sticklebacks. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 69:227-236.

McGhee, K.E. and Bell, A.M. 2014. Paternal care in a fish: Epigenetics and fitness enhancing effects on offspring. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B.281.

Stein, L.R., and Bell, A.M. 2014. Paternal programming in sticklebacks. Animal Behaviour 95: 165-171.

Pintor, L., McGhee, K.E., Bell, A.M. 2014. Individual variation in foraging behavior reveals a tradeoff between flexibility and performance in a top predator. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 68:1711-1722.

Mommer, B.C. & Bell, A.M. 2014. Maternal experience with predation risk influences genome-wide embryonic gene expression in threespined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). PLoSOne 9:E98564. Selected by F1000

Laskowski, K.L. & Bell, A.M. 2014. Strong personalities, not social niches, drive individual differences in social foraging behaviour. Animal Behaviour 90: 287-295.

Mommer, B., Bell, A.M. 2013. A test of maternal programming of offspring stress response to predation risk in threespine sticklebacks. Physiology and Behavior 122:222-227.

McGhee, K.E., Pintor, L., Bell, A.M. 2013. Reciprocal behavioral plasticity and behavioral types during predator-prey interactions. American Naturalist 82:704-717.

Bell, A.M. 2013. Randomized or fixed order for studies of behavioral syndromes?  Behavioral Ecology 24:16-21. 

Bell, A.M. 2013. Dispatch: Skipping School. Current Biology 23: 873-875.

Pearish, S.P., Hostert L.M., Bell, A.M. 2013. Behavioral type-environment correlations in the field: A study of three-spined stickleback. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 67:765-774.

Laskowski, K.L. & Bell, A.M. 2013. Competition avoidance drives individual differences in response to a changing food resource in sticklebacks. Ecology Letters 16:746-53.

Grobis, M.M., Pearish, S.P., Bell, A.M. 2013. Avoidance or escape? Discriminating between two hypotheses for the function of schooling in threespine sticklebacks. Animal Behaviour 85: 187-194.

Sanogo, Y.O., Band, M.A., Blatti, C., Sinha, S. & Bell, A.M. 2012. Transcriptional regulation of brain gene expression in response to a territorial intrusion. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B. 279: 4929-4938.

Bell, A.M. 2012. News and Views: Personality in the wild. Nature 491: 341-342.

Bell, A.M., Peeke, H.V.S. 2012. Individual variation in habituation: Behavior over time toward different stimuli in threespine sticklebacks. Behaviour 149: 1339-1365.

Roche, D., McGhee, K.E., Bell, A.M. 2012. Maternal predator-exposure has lifelong consequences for offspring learning in sticklebacks. Biology Letters 6:932-935.

Dall, S.R.X., Bell, A.M., Bolnick, D., Raetniks, F. 2012. An evolutionary ecology of individual differences. Ecology Letters 15: 189-1198.

McGhee, K.E., Pintor, L., Suhr, E., Bell, A.M. 2012. Maternal exposure to predation risk decreases offspring antipredator behaviour and survival in threespined stickleback. Functional Ecology 26: 932-940.

Stein, L.R. & Bell, A.M. 2012. Consistent individual differences in paternal behavior in threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus. Current Zoology 58: 45-52.

Sanogo, Y.O, Hankison, S., Band, M., Obregon, A., Bell, A.M.. 2011. Brain transcriptomic response of threespine sticklebacks to cues of a predator. Brian, Behavior and Evolution 77: 270-285.

Bell, A.M. & Robinson, G.E. 2011. How does behavior evolve? Science 332: 1161-1162.

Bell, A.M., Dingemanse, N.J., Hankison, S.J., Langenhof, M.B.W., Rollins, K. 2011. Early exposure to nonlethal predation risk by size-selective predators increases somatic growth and decreases size at adulthood in threespined sticklebacks. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 943-953.

Giesing, E.R., Suski, C.D., Warner, R.E. & Bell, A.M. 2011 Female sticklebacks transfer information via eggs: effects of maternal experience with predators on offspring. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 278: 1753-1759.

Bell, A.M., & Aubin-Horth, N. 2010. What can whole genome expression data tell us about the ecology and evolution of personality? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B. 365:4001-4012.

Bell, A.M., Henderson, L. & Huntingford, F.A. 2010. Behavioral and respiratory responses to stressors in multiple populations of three-spined sticklebacks that differ in predation pressure. J Comp Physiol B 180: 211-220.

Bell, A.M. 2009. Approaching the genomics of risk-taking behavior. Advances in Genetics 68: 83-104.

Bell, A.M., Hankison, S.J., Laskowski, K.L. 2009. The repeatability of behavior: a meta-analysis. Animal Behaviour 77: 771-783.

Sih, A., Bell, A.M., Johnson, J.C. 2008 Behavioral syndromes. In ‘Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology’, edited by D. Westneat and C. Fox, University of Chicago Press.

Sih, A. & Bell, A.M. 2008. Insights from behavioral syndromes for behavioral ecology. Advances in the Study of Behavior 38: 277-281.

Bell, A.M. 2008. Genetic basis of fish behavior. In ‘Fish Behaviour’, edited by C. Magnhagen, V.A. Braithwaite, E. Forsgren & B.G. Kapoor, Science Publishers, Inc.

Bell, A.M., & Sih, A. 2007. Exposure to predation generates personality in threespined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Ecology Letters 10: 828-834.

Alvarez, D. & Bell, A.M. 2007. Stream sticklebacks are more bold than pond sticklebacks. Behavioural Processes 76: 215-217.

Bell, A.M. 2007. News and Views: Personality in animals. Nature 447: 539-540.

Sih, A. & Bell, A.M. 2007. Insights from behavioral syndromes for the evolutionary genetics of human personality. European Journal of Human Personalty 21: 626-628.

Bell, A.M.  2007. Future directions in behavioral syndromes research. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B 274: 755-761.

Bell, A.M., Winberg, S., Backstrom, T., Pottinger, T.G. & Huntingford, F.A. 2007. Variable responses to ecologically-relevant challenges in sticklebacks. Physiology and Behavior 91: 15-25.

Malhi, R.S., Rhett, G. & Bell, A.M. 2006. Mitochondrial DNA evidence of an early Holocene population expansion of threespine sticklebacks from Scotland. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 148-154.

Bell, A.M. 2005. Behavioral differences between individuals and populations of threespined stickleback. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18(2): 464-473.

Bell, A.M. & Stamps, J.A. 2004. The development of behavioral differences between individuals and populations of threespined stickleback. Animal Behaviour 68: 1339-1348.

Clotfelter, E., Bell, A.M. & LeVering, K. 2004. Endocrine disrupting chemicals and their effects on animal behaviour. Animal Behaviour 68: 465-476.

Sih, A., Bell, A.M., Johnson, J.C. & Ziemba, R.E. 2004. Behavioral syndromes: an integrative review. Quarterly Review of Biology 79: 241-277.

Sih, A., Bell, A.M. & Johnson, J.C. 2004. Behavioral syndromes: an ecological and evolutionary overview. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 372-378.

Sih, A., Bell, A.M., Kerby, J. 2004. Two stressors can be a lot worse than one: synergistic impacts of pesticides and predator cues on amphibian mortality. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 274-276.

Bell, A.M. 2004. An endocrine disrupter increases growth and risky behavior in threespined stickleback. Hormones and Behavior 45: 108-114.

Bell, A.M. 2001. Effects of an endocrine disrupter on courtship and aggressive behaviour of male threespined stickleback. Animal Behaviour 62: 775-780. 

Houck, L.D., Bell, A.M., Feldhoff, R. 1998. Courtship pheromones increase female receptivity in Plethodon jordani. Copeia 1998: 214-219.

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