In addition to this commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion, here are other lab values:
1) It is my job to help you succeed.
2) Communication is key! It’s super important that we communicate as a group in order to coordinate activities, as well as to help each other. Lab members are expected to check their email at least every 24 hours as that is our primary method for staying in touch, and to always reply to emails that are personally directed to you, even if only to say “OK!” or “I’m looking forward to reading this next week” or “Got it!”. We will meet in person regularly. Once a week tends to be good during the early and late stages of a project/PhD. We will probably meet less frequently in the middle of a project when data collection is in high gear. I am always happy to meet with you. Please send me material to read/think about BEFORE we meet rather than during the meeting so I have a chance to think about it. We use a Google calendar to keep track of lab meetings, fish feeding duties, etc. Please write when you will be away on the lab calendar in case someone needs to reach you. We use Slack to coordinate and disseminate information for the lab, and we use Box to store data, protocols, videos, etc.
3) We strive to do integrative research. A good goal is to try to address at least two of Tinbergen’s Four Questions over the course of a PhD.
4) We study a fabulous supermodel organism. Here are two specific suggested activities to fully take advantage of the strengths of stickleback: 1) read the classic ethological literature; 2) go to the stickleback meetings at least once during your tenure in the lab; the stickleback meeting can be a great crash course on all things stickleback
5) We believe in publishing our findings. The problem is that writing papers is hard. Therefore I tend to be pretty-hands on while writing and have found it effective to provide feedback at every stage of writing a manuscript. Together, we break down the steps of preparing a manuscript into smaller and more do-able chunks, and set a timeline for completing all of the steps. I’ve found that starting a paper can feel paralyzing, and one way to lower the barrier to entry is by starting with the easiest part of the paper – the Methods section. Once you have a draft of the Methods section, send it to me for feedback. Ideally this will happen before data collection begins in earnest. Next comes Results. I encourage you to send me figures/stats before we meet, then we can discuss them and think about the best ways of visualizing the data, the most appropriate ways to analyze and interpret them and ultimately settle on the final figures and tables to go in the paper. Then, send me a draft of the Methods + Results (which incorporates comments on the methods). Intro and Discussion typically come last, either together or Introduction first. Again, by sending me drafts at each step of the process there is an opportunity to get feedback on all of the previously-written sections before moving on to the next one, and to incorporate feedback on the MS as a whole as it begins to take shape. Sometimes I will make suggestions that you don’t agree with – that’s fine! The track changes function in MS Word is a great venue for responding to one another’s Comments in writing. Of course ultimately it’s best to discuss points of contention in person but the Comments section can be a good way to get the ball rolling on paper.
6) Good time management helps. Doing science takes a long time so it’s important to plan accordingly. Experiments usually take at least three times as long as you think they will. Data analysis and writing are even worse; they will probably take at least five times as long as you think. I am uneasy about procrastination and try to structure our working environment to avoid working at the very last minute as much as possible. I will do my best to get feedback to you and to help you in as expedient and efficient a manner as possible; in exchange I ask you to follow through on self-imposed deadlines and do not wait until the last minute to send me things for feedback. I will be able to help you a lot more effectively if we have time. A great task to save for the very end is triple checking the formatting of the reference list.
7) We meet for lab meeting. All members of the lab are expected to attend and participate in lab meeting. You should sign up to lead a lab meeting at least once a semester. Leading a lab meeting might involve activities such as the following: showing and discussing recent results, leading the discussion of a published paper, brainstorming about how to design an experiment, practicing a talk, asking for feedback on a MS or grant application, etc. If you are asking the lab to read something for lab meeting, please give us enough time to read it before we meet. Plan ahead – if you know you have a deadline, reserve your spot for lab meeting at least two weeks before the deadline
8) We value the welfare of animals in our care. It is likely that one of the reasons why you are studying animal behavior is because you love animals. So do I. We work with live, often wild, animals. Please don’t forget that it is a privilege to work with live animals, and it is our moral – and legal – responsibility to consider the welfare of the animals in our care. It is also our responsibility to make sure that each of their lives contributes to scientific understanding. What this means: treat your animal subjects responsibly and ethically, obtain all necessary permits for collection and study of animals in the wild and in captivity, maximize the quality and amount of data collected on each individual subject and publish your results so the scientific community can benefit from your studies. Give yourself plenty of time to apply for necessary permits (collection, import/export, etc) to carry out your research. Read and become familiar with our Animal Care and Use protocol, and keep it up to date and accurate.
9) We collect high quality behavior data. We do a lot of behavior experiments in the lab, and often rely on multiple observers for collecting behavior data. Luckily, there are good methods for assessing both inter- and intraobserver reliability of your behavior data recording methods. Before starting to collect data, make sure that reliability is good (>90%) both within and among observers. Once data collection is underway, keep close tabs on anyone collecting data for you, and check their work periodically to be sure that all of the people involved are being consistent. Back up your data!!!!!
10) We seek and value constructive feedback. At the end of the academic school year, we will complete an evaluation. First, you will complete a self-evaluation (typically provided by the graduate program). I will read your self-evaluation, offer feedback, and offer my own evaluation. Then we will meet to talk about it. I especially like the question about what YOU think will be your biggest challenge over the next year, and what are things that I can do to help you over the next year. I also encourage you to communicate with me about what have been your challenges with independent research to date – what do you think is your Achilles’ heel/rate limiting step/barrier to progress? This could be, for example, perfectionism, time management, procrastination, imposter syndrome. I really appreciate knowing what you think are going to be challenges so that we can discuss ways of dealing with them together, so I can be on the lookout for ways that I can help.
11) We are good lab citizens. Close the doors and turn off the lights if you are the last to leave the lab. Beware of theft (especially at the beginning and end of the semester)– do not leave valuables (laptops, videocameras) visible on the countertops. In general, this is YOUR lab – take responsibility for it. If you break something, fix it. Always clean up every tool that you used as well as the lab bench after yourself. If you use the last of some supply or you notice that the supply is running low, order more, or let the lab manager know so that they can order more (it takes time to replace things!). If something needs to be improved, suggest an alternative. If you move something, put it back. Don’t steal sharpies! Throw away pens that don’t work. If you have a cool idea, share it. Keep the protocols up to date on the Bell lab folder on Box. If you develop a new procedure, make a protocol to share it with the lab. Solutions should be clearly labeled with what it is, date it was prepared, who made it and replaced often. Clean up your space when you leave the lab, dispose of all solutions. If you’re not sure how to dispose of a solution, ask the lab manager.
We all take turns feeding the fish. Do a good job — treat all the animals as though they are your precious experimental subjects. Record your initials and time on the clipboard. Dispose of dead fish immediately. Don’t leave dead fish in the food freezer. If you see something funny or unusual in one of the tanks, tell someone (ideally the person responsible for those fish). If you are keeping fish in the fish room it is your responsibility to let the fish feeder know the requirements for your animals, i.e. extra food, no food, special food, etc. It is also your responsibility to make sure that the fish count is accurate on the tank card and that visibility is clear so that the fish feeder and DAR can assess fish health/numbers. Put dead fish label on tanks with dead fish even when you are not feeding and inform the person responsible for those fish that there has been a death. Never fill tanks with water from the sink. Recycle as much sand and gravel as possible; don’t let it go down the drain. Return things to their original place if you borrowed them. Make sure over-tank lights are off in 43 when you leave (they are not on the timer system).
13) We love graduate students! PhD students in the lab typically take 5-6 years to complete their degree. You might need a 6 year if something goes wrong, funding allows, or if there is something super cool to pursue. Graduate programs typically expect students to submit >3 manuscripts for publication in 5 years. Be advised that publishing is much harder and takes much longer than you think it will (or should). Everything (your exams, completing projects, securing a postdoc, etc.) is easier if you publish soon and publish often. . . .
A typical timeline for PhD students in the lab:
: Tinkering – fish, lab work, learn from others in the lab; Apply for NSF predoc and other fellowships; Take classes – stats, programming, genomics and any coursework deficiencies; Summer – first field season, get lots of data, explore; Meet with your committee
Collect data; Analyze data, plan next experiment; Apply for grants and fellowships; Prep for prelim; Write Chapter 1; Take prelim if Chapter 1 submitted; Become involved in outreach; Fill in any remaining coursework deficiencies; Meet with your committee
Collect data; Submit Chapter 2; Reflect on career goals; Meet with your committee
In the zone of data collection – this is the year when you will get the most done; Apply for Dissertation Completion Fellowships; Consider postdocs/the next step; Meet with your committee
Apply for postdocs/jobs; Write Chapter 3, defend
14) We make our data publicly available. We deposit our data on depositories such as Dryad and GEO upon submission and/or publication. We keep good records of unpublished data (including annotation files defining variable names, linked methods, etc) and store the data on Box; we store large files of genomic data on an archive through the IGB.